One year ago Ethiopia's prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, was in Oslo to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for making peace with Eritrea. Today he is facing a civil war within his country. In early November Abiy stated that the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) had attacked a national military base and the regime responded by sending troops to the northern region. Why is the conflict between the regime and TPLF escalating now? And what does the escalation mean for the people living in Tigray? What will happen if there is no peaceful solution to the conflict between the government and the TPLF?